Tuesday, 28 November 2017

SALA

Sala Medicinal plant
sala
BN: Shorea robusta Gaertn.
Family: Dipterocarpaceae

Chief Characters : 


  1. Tree grows upto 30m. height. 
  2. flowers, panicle inflorescence. 
  3. Simple leaf, alternate phyllotaxy. 
  4. Fruit- indehiscent capsule. 

Synonyms : 

Salasara, Dhupavriksha, Sarja, Karsyä„ Aswakarna, Sasyasambhara. 


Gana: 


Charaka: Vedhana sthapana, Kashaya skandha. Sushntta : Salasaradi, Raudhradi. 

Ayurvedic Properties: 

Rasa - Kashaya, Madhura; Guna - Ruksha; Virya Sheeta and Vipaka - Katu. 

Pharmacological Actions: 

Kaphapittahara, Sthambhana, Varnya, Vrana shodhana, Vrana ropana, Swedana. 

Indications: 

Kushta, Kandu, Prameha, Vrana, Krimi, Asthibhagna, Bradhna, Vidradhi, Badhirya, Yoni roga, Karna roga. 

Therapeutic Uses: 


Prameha: Shala, kampillaka and mustaka (10gm. each) mixed with honey, amalaka juice and haridra should be taken. (S.S.) 

Small Pox: Sarjarasa, pounded with the juice of shigru  leaves should be applied locally. (V.D.) 

Parts Used: Bark, Rala (Gum resin), Flowers.  

Preparations & Dosage: Bark decoction 50-100m1.; Rala powder 1-3gm. 

Specific Formulations: 

Salasaradi churna, Sarjarasa malahara, Salasaradi kwatha, Atasyadi lepa.  

Bhavamishra mentions Ajakaråna or Sarjana as another variety of Shala and it is identified as Vateria indica (Dipterocarpaceae). Similarly Aswakarna is a separate plant and the plant Dipterocarpus alatus is considered as its source. 

PATHA

Patha Medicinal Plant
patha
BN: Cissampelos pariera Linn
Family: Menispermaceae

Chief Characters : 


  1. Perennial herb grows up to 6m height. 
  2. Simple leaf, alternate phyllotaxy. 
  3. Green coloured flowers. 
  4. Cyamose inflorescence - male flowers. 
  5. Racemose inflorescence - female flowers. 
  6. Fruits - drupe. 

Synonyms: 
Prächinna, Papachelika, Ambashta, Ekashthila, Rasa, Pathika, Vartiktika. 

Gana: 
Charaka: Jwarahara, Sandhaniya, Stanya shodhana. 

Sushruta: Mustadi, Aragwadhadi, Pippalyadi, Ambashtadi. 

Ayurveic Properties:

Rasa- Tikta; Guna - Inghu, Tikshna; Virya - Ushna and Vipaka - Katu.  

Pharmacological Acüons:

 Vatakaphahara, Balya, Vishaghna, Grahi. 

Indications: 

Shoola, Jwara, Chardi, Gulma, Atisara, Vrana, Kri mi, Kandu, Kushta, Hridroga, Daha,Shwasa. 

Therapeutic Uses : 


1. Fever: Juice of patha root taken in morning for three days checks fever with rigor. (V.D.) 

2. Diarrhoea: Powder of patha root should be taken with curd. (B.P.) 

3. Piles : (a) Patha combined with any one of duralabha, bilva, yavani and shunthi relieves piles. (C.S.) 

(b) Buttermilk added with patha act as carminative and relieves constipation. (AH.) Parts Used : Root, Rhimme. 

Preparations & Dosage: Decoction 50-100 ml.; Powder 1-3 gm. 

Specific Formulation: Shaddharana yoga. 


VARUNA

Varuna Medicinal Plant
Varuna
BN: Crataeva religiosa Forst F.
Family:  Capparaceae

Chief Characters : 

1. Deciduous tree grows upto 15mts. height.

2. Trifoliate compound leaf, alternate phyllotaxy.

3. Light yellow coloured flowers.

4. Corymb inflorescence.

5.  Fruit- berry. 

Synonyms:

 Varana, Setu, Kumaraka, Tiktasaka.

Gana : 

Sushruta: Tiktavarga, Varunadi, Vata samshamana.

Ayurvedic Properties: 

Rasa -Tikta, Kashaya, Madhura, Katu;
Guna- Laghu, Ruksha;
Virya- Ushna and
Vipaka - Katu.

Pharmacological Actions: 

Kaphavatahara, Deepana, Pittala, Bhedana.

Indications: 

Ashmari, Vidradi, Gulma, Krimi, Gandamala,

Mutra kricchra, Vatarakta.

Therapeutic Uses:  


  1.  Calculus: Intake of decoction of varuna (root-bark) added with its paste, dissolves calculus. (V.M.) 
  2. Gandamala: Decoction of varuna root taken with honey destroys gandamala of chronic origin. (V.M.) 
  3. Abscess: Decoction of root of Varuna should be taken. It controls the unripe abscess. (Y.R.)

Parts Used: Bark.

Preparations & Dosage: Decoction 50-100 ml.

Specific Formulations:

 Varunadi taila, Varunadi ghrita, Kanchanara guggulu.

Research Studies: 

Some of the fraction of C. nurvala showed promising -anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic activities. -It. has been found to produce prolonged hypotension of gradual onset.